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Neuroglial Cells

Neuroglial cells are sometimes simply called “glia” which in Greek, means “glue.”  These cells support the neurons by providing insulation, supplying nutrients, and removing dangerous pathogens.   Each cell of the glia can be identified on a diagram by examining the general location, attachment to other stuctures

Pectoralis Muscles of the Cat

This cat illustrates the three pectoralis muscles:  the pectoantebrachialis, the pectoralis major, and the pectoralis minor.    One way to find the pectoantebrachialis is to stretch the forelimbs of the cat which will reveal the bordering fascia.  This muscles goes straight across the chest and to the

Skull – Zygomatic Bone

The zygomatic bone articulates with the maxilla and the temporal bone and is the bone that makes up the cheek of the face.   The zygomatic process of the temporal bone is an extension of the temporal bone that connects to the zygomatic bone.     On

Bones of the Foot – Quiz

1. Phalanges (distal (a), middle (b), proximal (c) 2. Metatarsals 3. Medial Cuneiform 4. Intermediate Cuneiform 5. Medial Cuneiform 6. Cuboid 7. Navicular 8. Talus 9. Calcaneus  

Bones of the Foot

The bones of the ankle are collectively called the tarsals.  The largest bone of this group is the calcaneus (9), or the heel bone.  The talus (8) has an irregular shape and is commonly referred to as the “instep.”   The navicular bone (7) is named for

Sella Turcica of the Sphenoid Bone

This structure is names for its resemblance to a “turkish chair” and is found as a saddle-shaped depression on the sphenoid bone.   The indentation (or the seat) is where the pituitary gland is located. To find the sella turcica, locate the sphenoid bone from the inside of

Skull Articulations

The top two vertebrae of the spine, the axis and the atlas form a joint (articulation) with the skull.  The superior articular facet of the atlas, shown in the photo (blue dot ) articulates with the occipital condyle on the lower surface of the skull.    The occipital

Types of Vertebrae

The cervical vertebrae are the first 7 vertebrae of the neck.   The first two (C1 and C2) are the axis and the atlas and have unique features associated with their role of holding up the skull and providing a pivot joint around which the skull can